Słownik akronimów i skrótów w branży Data Center

Nie raz zdarzy się, że przeglądając strony internetowe, fora, gazety, artykuły a nawet rozmowy, trafimy na różnego rodzaju słowa lub skróty wyrazowe. Coraz częściej spieszymy się a zwroty w języku angielskim wymuszają potrzebę szybkiego i jednolitego sposobu komunikacji. Same wyrazy, zwroty w języku angielskim nie są zbyt długie, ale w publikacjach wiele osób je skraca.

Najważniejszym elementem jest zrozumienie znaczenia tych skrótów i prawidłowa ich interpretacja. W celu ułatwienia przygotowaliśmy słownik skrótów używanych w branży.

Poniższa lista akronimów i skrótów przedstawia niektóre z ważniejszych narratów i pomysłów używanych w branży Data Center. W naszej opinii jest to kompletna lista. Jednakże każda norma, framework, wytyczne, standardy mogą zawierać inne unikalne i użyteczne propozycje.

Mając na uwadze, że większość dokumentacji jest prezentowana w języku angielskim, a szereg sformułowań nie posiada odpowiednika w języku polskim pozostawiliśmy definicje bez tłumaczenia.

Aktualnie z grupą znajomych pracujemy nad polskim słownikiem i definicjami dla branży Data Center. Mamy nadzieje, że już niedługo będziemy mogli je zaprezentować. Zapraszamy do współpracy w tym zakresie każdą zainteresowaną osobę. W przypadku zainteresowania prosimy o kontakt na email biuro@bcagroup.pl .

W następnych artykułach na naszym blogu planujemy przedstawić pełny słownik dla branży w języku angielskim.

Życzymy miłej lektury.

AAA

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting

AC Alternating Current
AC/HR Air Changes Per Hour
ACL Access Control List
A/E Architectural/Engineering
AHJ Authority Having Jurisdiction
AHU/ACU Air Handling Unit or Air Conditioning Units
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ASHRAE American Society Of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers
ASTM American Society ForTesting and Materials
ATS Automatic Transfer Switch
BAS Building Automation System
BCT Bonding Conductor For Telecommunications
BICSI Building Industry Consulting Service International
BMS Building Management System
BNC Bayonet Neil-Concelman or Bayonet Navel Connector
BPDU Bridge Protocol Data Unit
BREAM Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method
BS Abbreviation for ‚British Standard’ – Used in conjunction with standards
CAN Campus Area NetWork
CBN Common Bonding NetWork
CCTV Closed-Circuit Te!evision
CD Construction Documents
CDB Critical Distribution Board
CEA Consumer Electronics Association
CEC Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1
CER Common Equipment Room
CFD Computational Fluid Dynamics
CFM Cubic Feet Per Minute
CGS Clean Grounding System
COPS Common Open Policy Service.
CoS Class Of Service
CP Critical Power
CPU Central Processing Unit
CPVC Chlorinated Polyvinylchloride
CRAC Computer Room Air Conditioning
CRAH Computer Room Air Handling Or Computer Room Air Handler
CSA Canadian Standards Association International
DB Dry Bulb (Temperature)
DC Direct Current
DCMGB Data Centre Main Ground Buss
DCMGB Data Centre Master Ground Buss
DD Design Development
DG Diesel Generator
Dl Deionized (Water)
DP Dewpoint (Temperature)
DSX Digital Signal Cross-Connect
DWDM Dense Wave Division Multiplexer
EAC Electronic Access Control
EAP Electronic Asset Program
EC Equipment Cooling
EDA Equipment Distribution Area
EGB Equipment Grounding Buss
EGB Equipment Grounding System
EGS Equipment Grounding System
EIA Electronics Industries Alliance
EMI Electro Magnetic Interference
Emf Electro motive force
EMF Electro Magnetic Field
EMS Energy Management System
EPO Emergency Power Off
ESCON Enterprise System Connection
ESD Electrostatic Discharge (see Static Electricity in Glossary)
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FICON Fiber Connection
FPM Feet Per Minute
FSD Fuli Scale Deflection
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GBIC Gigabit Interface Converter
GSM Global Systems For Mobile Communications
GUI Graphical User Interface
HC Horizontal Cross-Connect
HAD Horizontal Distribution Area
HDX Half Duplex
HEMP High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse
HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Arrestance
HVAC Heating, Ventilating, And Air Conditioning
IBC International Building Code
IC Intermediate Cross-Connect
ICC International Code Council
ICEA Insulated Cable Engineers Association
IDC Insulation Displacement Contact
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute Of Electrical And Electronics Engineers
IES llluminating Engineering Society
IFC International Fire Code
IFGC International Fuel Gas Code
IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor
IMC International Mechanical Code
IPC International Plumbing Code
ISO International Organization For Standardization
IT Information Technology
KVM Keyboard Video Mouse
LAN Local Area NetWork
LED Light Emitting Diode
LEED The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
LSA Least Squares Analysis
LUX illuminance and luminous emittance; intensity of light hitting or passing through a surface.
mA Milli amperes (milliamps)
MAU Makeup Air (Handling) Unit
MC Main Cross-Connect
MDA Main Distribution Area
MERV Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value
MIB• Management Information Base
MPLS Multi-Protocol Label Switching
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures – MTBF is the inverse of the failure rate for constant failure rate systems (repairable systems). For example: If a component has a failure rate of 2 failures per million hours, the MTBF would be the inverse of that failure rate.
MTTF Mean Time To Fai 1- For constant failure rate systems (non-repairable systems), MTTF is the inyerse of the failure rate. If failure rate is in failures/million hours, MTTF = 1,000,000 / Failure Rate for components with exponential distributions.
MTTR Mean Time To Repair
N Need
NC Noise Criteria
NEBS NetWork Equipment Building System
NEC National Electric Code
Ni-Cd Nickel Cadmium (battery type)
NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NESC National Electrical Safety Code
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
NIST National Institute For Standards And Technologies
OA Outside Or Outdoor Air
OC Optical Carrier
ODF Optical Distribution Frame; sometimes Main Distribution Frame (MDF) located in the MDA
OLTS Optical Loss Test Set
OSP Outside Plant
OTDR Optical Time Domain Reflectometer
PAC Precision Air Conditioner
PBX Private Branch Exchange
PC Personal Computer
PCB Printed Circuit Board
PDU Power Distribution Unit
PDU Protocol Data Unit
PEMCS Power And Environmental Monitoring And Control System
PF Power Factor
PM Preventive Maintenance
PVC Polyvinyl Chloride
PQM Power Ouality Monitoring
PWM Pulse-width modulation; intermediate amounts of electrical power between fully on & fully off.
QoS Ouality Of Service
RAID Redundant Array Of Independent (Or lnexpensive) Disks
RC Room Cooling
RCI Rack Cooling lndex
RF Raised Floor
RFI Radio Frequency Interference
RFP Request For Pricing
RH Relative Humidity
RMON Remote Monitoring
RMS Root Mean Square – Vpeak = VRMS * V2, usually associated with apparent power in Data Centre’s.
RPP Remote Power Panel
RU Rack Unit
SAN Storage Area NetWork
SC Supplemental Cooling
SCSI Smali Computer System Interface
ScTP Screened Twisted Pair
SD Schematic Design
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SLA Sealed Lead Acid (battery type)
SMPS Switch Mode Power Supply
SNMP Simple NetWork Management Protocol
SON Statement of Need
SONET Synchronous Optical NetWork
SRN Signal Reference NetWork
SRG Signal Reference Grid
STM Synchronous Transport Model
STP Shielded Twisted Pair
STS Static Transfer Switch
TGB Telecommunications Grounding Busbar
TIA Telecommunications Industry Association
TMGB Telecommunications Main Grounding Busbar
ToS Type Of Service
TR Telecommunications Room
TSB Telecommunications System Bulletin
TVSS Transient Voltage Surge Suppression
UBC Uniform Building Code
UL Underwriters Laboratories Inc
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
VFD Voltage and Frequency Dependent (UPS type)
VFI Voltage and Frequency Independent
VFL Visual Fault Locator
VI Voltage Independent
VRLA Valve Regulated Lead Acid (battery type)
WAN Wide Area NetWork
WB Wet Bulb (Temperature)
WBS Work Breakdown Structure
WC Water Column
ZDA Zone Distribution Area

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